People at risk for having Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is defined as the set of metabolic changes in the body related to the increase of the sugar levels in the blood as a result of a defect in the secretion of insulin or a defect in the body’s response to insulin, or both cases.
Some of the key messages, one in eleven adults have diabetes, 46.5 % of adults with diabetes are undiagnosed. By 2040 one adult in ten will have diabetes, 12% of global health expenditure is spent on diabetes. Three quarters of people live in low and middle income countries. One in seven births is affected by gestational diabetes. Every 6 seconds a person dies from diabetes.
According to the Indian Heart Association, India is the diabetes capital of the world with a projected 109 million individuals with diabetes by 2035.The diabetes rate in India is one of the highest in the world affects more than 62 million Indians, which is more than 7.1% of India’s adult Population. An estimate shows that nearly 1 million Indians die due to Diabetes every year. The average age on onset is 42.5 years. This increasing prevalence is mainly caused by change in lifestyle, stress, urbanization and dietary habits.
There are several factors that will make you more susceptible to have the type 2 Diabetes. For example the urban residents are more likely to have diabetes than the rural residents and homeless, also the residents of crowded cities and metros such as Bengaluru are the most vulnerable among others. In addition to the wrong daily habits such as reducing the physical activity, eating junk foods which are rich in saturated fats and sugars and being overweight.
The main reasons that make people susceptible to Type 2 Diabetes are :
- Being overweight, especially around the abdomen, when the body mass index (BMI) is more than 30Kg/m2 the risk increases by 30 times
- Aging, if you are more than 30 years, the percentage of incidence is up to 30%
- Family history, if the number of family members with diabetes reaches three or more(mother, father, brother, sister) then the percentage will exceed 50%
- Chronic diseases, such as having high blood pressure, high cholesterol, triglycerides and atherosclerosis
- Laziness and lack of physical activity
- Unhealthy diet
- For women, Poor nutrition during pregnancy, gestational diabetes, the birth of a child weighing more than 4 Kg
It is necessary to detect diabetes at an early stage. This will significantly contribute to preventing the disease and reducing the complications. It is advised to make the blood tests at the age of 30 years if there are no other reasons or factors that make people more susceptible to have the disease. In case one of the above mentioned factors is present it is better to have blood tests done before the age of thirty.
There are easy yet effective steps to prevent diabetes and many other age-related diseases. Therefore, changing one’s life to a healthy lifestyle can help prevent Type 2, diabetes. So, if you lose 7% of your current weight through diet and sports, you are contributing to the prevention of diabetes by 60%.
Among the most prominent recommendations:
- Avoid the high calories drinks and food such as the sodas, because studies have proved that they increase the diabetes percentage of more than 80% and increase the weight, especially in the tummy area, not to mention the fast foods rich in saturated fat ,containing up to 1800 calories ( more than the daily human need),In addition to the sweets ,sugary food and fried chips.
- Eat a healthy rich diet in fiber, protein and whole grains.
- Exercise and do physical activity, for example, half an hour of brisk walking five times a week.
- Get used to continue and maintain such as starting with something simple, and maintaining it until it becomes a habit
Source :International Diabetic Federation, Wikipedia
Dr Mohan G M